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dc.contributor.advisorFréon, Pierre-
dc.contributor.advisorMariojouls, Catherine-
dc.contributor.advisorZiegler, Friederike-
dc.contributor.advisorHélias, Arnaud-
dc.contributor.advisorTyedmers, Peter-
dc.contributor.advisorPerret, Sylvain-
dc.contributor.authorAvadí Tapia, Angel Daniel-
dc.descriptionTesis (Dr.). -- Universite Montpellier. SIBAGHE - Systèmes intégrés en Biologie, Agronomie, Géosciences, Hydrosciences et Environnement Et de l’unité de recherche UMR 212 EME – Écosystèmes Marins Exploités Spécialité : ESA-Ecosystèmes et sciences agronomiques-
dc.description.abstractThe research performed a sustainability assessment of supply chains of the anchoveta (Engraulis ringens) in Peru. The corresponding fisheries lands 6.5 million t per year, of which <2% is rendered into products for direct human consumption (DHC) and 98% reduced into feed ingredients (fishmeal and fish oil, FMFO), for export. Several industries compete for the anchoveta resources, generating local and global impacts. The need for understanding these dynamics, towards sustainability-improving management and policy recommendations, determined the development of a sustainability assessment framework: 1) characterisation and modelling of the systems under study (with Life Cycle Assessment and other tools) including local aquaculture, 2) calculation of sustainability indicators (i.e. energy efficiency, nutritional value, socio-economic performances), and 3) sustainability comparison of supply chains; definition and comparison of alternative exploitation scenarios. Future exploitation scenarios were defined by combining an ecosystem and a material flow models: continuation of the status quo (Scenario 1), shift towards increased proportion of DHC production (Scenario 2), and radical reduction of the anchoveta harvest in order for other fish stocks to recover and be exploited for DHC (Scenario 3). Scenario 2 was identified as the most sustainable. Management and policy recommendations include improving of: controls for compliance with management measures, sanitary conditions for DHC, landing infrastructure for small- and medium-scale (SMS) fisheries; the development of a national refrigerated distribution chain; and the assignation of flexible tolerances for discards from different DHC processes.es_ES
dc.publisherUniversite Montpellier.es_ES
dc.sourceInstituto del Mar del Perú - IMARPEes_ES
dc.source.uriRepositorio Digital IMARPEes_ES
dc.subjectEngraulis Ringenses_ES
dc.titleSustainability of the Peruvian anchoveta supply chains from sea to shelf: towards a new strategy for optimal use of resourceses_ES
dc.title.alternativeDurabilité de la filière d’anchois du Pérou, de la mer aux rayonnages: vers une nouvelle stratégie d’utilisation optimale des ressourceses_ES
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